Caronia, Letizia (2008). “Growing Up Wireless: Being a Parent and Being a Child in the Age of Mobile Communication”, in Rivoltella P. C. (org.) DIGITAL LITERACY- Tools and Methodologies for Information Society, pp. 99-125. Hershey-New York: IGI Publishing.
Neste capítulo, Caronia começa por referir que cada nova tecnologia - como é o caso do telemóvel (faz hoje 35 anos que foi feita a primeira chamada) - quando entra na esfera social, produz comportamentos inesperados, causando alterações no modo de viver. Positivas e negativas.
Apoiando-se sobretudo num estado realizado por si, mas também em dados obtidos por outros investigadores, Caronia parte da hipótese de que este aparelho móvel de comunicação contribui para a criação de um novo modelo cultural de ser criança e de ser pai.
Em seguida, deixo algumas passagens do capítulo que podem ajudar a aprofundar a questão do telemóvel, de que tanto temos ouvido falar nos últimos dias.
- Allowing for silent and hidden communication, the mobile phone perfectly integrates a teenagers’ culture pattern: constructing their social word outside of their parents’ control and the official rules governing life school. (p.103)
- The limit of the numbers of available characters has been transformed into a resource for constructing a new language and new language games. Competence in this language defines the boundaries of a community of users, creates group membership and cohesion, and distances users from adults’ culture. (p.103-104)
- The mobile phone seems to work as a developmental tool that meets the needs of the growing up process. Particularly, young people use it to attain a certain degree of autonomy with respect to family world, to mark their belonging to a community of peers, to create their specific social organization, and to develop the skills and share the knowledge needed to become competent members of their own community. (p.104)
- Mobile phones have been interpreted by parents as means to exert control over and fulfil heir responsibilities toward their children. They have thus been completely domesticated in family’s moral economy and transformed into tools for family socialization. (p.106)
- Guy [a father]: But we also used it, now less, it used to be a lot like an umbilical cord with the kids. (p.106)
- Through the courses of action implicit in mobile phone use, parents do more than exert their role: they construct culture by legitimizing the definitions of what counts as “being a parent”, “being a child”, “or being a family” inscribed in their mobile phone mediated actions. (p.109)
- Children consider autonomy, freedom, and peer life coordination the fundamental reasons for owning a mobile. However it is not surprising that they strategically focus on safety reasons when impressing on parents the need to get one. Grasping the unique opportunities they offer, adolescents use phones as a means to act in ways that are consistent both their needs and rights and with those of their parents. (p.117)